Σάββατο, 11 Νοεμβρίου 2017

Artificial Intelligence and Art Theory in Greece


Art Theory and Artificial Intelligence in Greece

by Mariana Ziku

A documentation of 30 years of cross-disciplinary research with dialog between Poly Kasda and John Kontos.
In this years conference “Taboo, Transgression, Transcendence in Art & Science” (26-28 May 2017, Ionian University, Corfu Greece) I presented an essay in an html format on the intersection of art theory and artificial intelligence in Greece through a case study and a critical approach.
You can browse the html presentation here: http://lekseikones.metartnet.com
The adventures of the eye
Snippet from the film documentary ‘The adventures of the eye’ (Οι περιπέτειες του ματιού) by Poly Kasda, directed by Marc Gastine, TV show Periskopio, Athens, Hellenic Radio Television, 1986
The paper -soon to be included in the conference proceedings- is a follow up of my theoretical research in the cross-disciplinary field of art theory and artificial intelligence.
You can read the abstract below and the full paper in Academia:
Art Theory and Artificial Intelligence in Greece: A documentation of 30 years of cross-disciplinary research with dialog between Poly Kasda and John Kontos
AbstractThe essay aims to bring forward the ongoing collaboration of artist-writer Poly Kasda and professor of artificial intelligence John Kontos, who marked the beginning of the art theory, consciousness and artificial intelligence discourse in Greece in the mid 80’s, based on an original research.
To this end, the essay outlines three projects of Kasda‒Kontos collaboration in the course of 30 years, which explored the intersection of their threefold field of endeavor:
  • The film documentary ‘The Adventures of the Eye’ (1986)
  • Kasda’s book publication ‘The Conscious Eye: Art – Perception – Informatics’ (1988)
  • Kasda–Kontos’ joint book publication ‘Artificial Intelligence Professor John Kontos needles Poly Kasda’s “Conscious Eye”: Perception – Consciousness – Diegesis – Discovery – Creativity’ (2015).
In respect to Kasda–Kontos’ research in process, I will attempt a critical reflection between art theory, consciousness studies and artificial intelligence, stressing in particular the concepts of myth and mythical thought, which Kasda has explored persistently with original contributions through her long-term project Myth/Network (1990-2017).
art theory, artificial intelligence, consciousness, Poly Kasda, John Kontos, introspection, myth

Τετάρτη, 17 Μαΐου 2017

Παρασκευή, 12 Μαΐου 2017

PolyXene Kasda bio updated


Δευτέρα, 6 Φεβρουαρίου 2017

PXK ROUTE 17: Χιτών Άπειρος/ Chiton Apeiros*

PXK ROUTE 17: Χιτών Άπειρος/ Chiton Apeiros*
 160X220-300cm, glass, isothermic blanket and PXK patches, 2017.
*Polyxene’s sacrificial cloak in Sophocles tragedy. Apeiros can be translated as infinitus, inexpertus, terra continens (Lexicon Sophocleum)

 Here, patches of an isothermal blanket (used by astronauts and castaways) are transformed into infinite, non-experienced continents where the concept of home is dissolved
It consists of 4 partly superimposed glass panels 120X160cm. partially covered with patches of space/castaway blankets and PXK (processed aluminum sheets with powder color and liquid glass).
PXK is my innovative material which stands for the sacrificial skin shed behind after each cultural crucible, while realizing my global fossil installation PXK Route -2004-2015- anchored in different continents (2nd Beijing Biennial 05, FMC Syria 06, 4rth Tashkent Biennial 07, Nuit Blanche Paris 07, Olympic Fine Arts of Beijing 08 (Golden Medal), Flags UNESCO-Beirut 12…) The present installation is part of this planetary work
The overlapping glass panels can be shifted hiding and revealing the ones behind; the density and length of the installation is adaptable to the hosting space. They are lighted in the back from below.

PolyXene Kasda
Her main Project Myth/Network* -1990-2016 is a self-combustive system of interlaced sub-projects emerging from depth psychology and multiplexing in dispersive overview installations anchored in numerous sites of the earth, through the audience creative interaction  (Chrysalis 1990 in 300 sites 27 countries), or  through her participation in big world events (PXK ROUTE 2004-2017 in 25 sites), Affective- cognitive maps merging spectral/ actual  space (1994-1998-), generic language games (Code Lexomorphes 1991-2017), telecommunication  exchanges of legends/landscapes 2007, Agro-psycho-SAGA community projects (Uranias Gardens 2009-2016)
Her intuitive real-life experimentations are processed in her narrative articles and essays like PAI (Seven Sleepers coed Uni.Lucian Blaga editions 1997), When that word swallowed me (Sphinx, Hidden Thebes Festival 2016)..
Her early cross-disciplinary essay The Conscious Eye, Aigokeros, Athens 1988 was re-edited in the English joint essay: Artificial Intelligence Professor John Kontos needles Poly Kasda’s Conscious Eye, Southwind, Amazon 2015.
IAA UNESCO artist, member of EETE Greece, OFAA Finland.  K-DROZ PARIS jury, ed. board Poesia e Conscenza Milan. She graduated in Psychology- Sociology ACG Athens, studied Chemistry-Physics in AUC Cairo and Visual Arts in S. Hermann's workshop, Besancon, Alexandria.

*Project Myth/Network was launched in the Museum of Modern Art Joensuu, PAND conference Meeting of the Worlds, Finland 1990.Project Myth/Network, EMST Greece Artists Archives code 1595. Donation: Xagoraris 1991. 

Σάββατο, 19 Νοεμβρίου 2016

poly kasda

 IAA UNESCO artist, lives in Athens, works everywhere.

Her main Project Myth/Network* -1990-2017- is an open system of interlaced self-fueling sub-projects emerging from depth psychology and multiplexing in
-        -  Biodegradable, interactive, overview installations like Chrysalis 1990- anchored in 300 sites-27 countries, composing an ideography of the web before it’s spreading (launched in the Museum of Modern Art Joensuu, PAND conference, Meeting of the Worlds, Finland 1990).
-        -  Overlapping dispersive overview installations touching down across the globe often through her participation in big events (Biennials of Beijing 2005-2008, Biennial of Tashkent 2007, Nuit Blanche Paris 2007,  FMC Syria2006, Flags MEADOWS UNESCO Beirut 2012,, Design House of Cyprus Athens 2009, Night of Museums Munster Germany 2015,  University of Lucian Blaga Sibiu Silver Medal 2007, Olympic Fine Arts Beijing Gold Medal 2008)
-         - Affective - cognitive maps of mythically augmented sites merging spectral/ actual space adopted in 1995 by the European Network of Poetry as a new form of poetical expression
-        - Code Lexomorphes:  language games with cryptographic patterns based on the ancient Greek mathematical codification of the alphabet. (Symposium on Greek language, Old Parliament of Athens, EETE Silver Medal 2009).
-        -  Urania’s Gardens: Agro-psycho-Social art generating community projects. http://Uraniagardens.blogspot.com

Her artistic acts are processed and formulated in Greek, English and French in her research documentaries, cross-disciplinary essays and allegoric bionarratives. 
html: https://lekseikones.wordpress.com/

She graduated in Psychology- Sociology B.A. Pierce/Deree ACG, studied Chemistry-Physics in the American University of Cairo, had a 7 years apprenticeship in visual arts in S. Hermann's workshop, Besancon, Alexandria and has the National Arabic language diploma. Her early paintings as Poly Casdas are in private collections.

*Project Myth/Network, EMST National Museum of Contemporary Art, Greece, Archives code 1595. Donation:Xagoraris 1991. 

Κυριακή, 4 Σεπτεμβρίου 2016

Artificial Intelligence is needling The Conscious eye and that word that swallowed me


Artificial Intelligence Prof. John Kontos “Needles” Poly Kasda’s Conscious Eye.

"What was the nature of this compulsive tide that pushed XXc. artists in a self-cancellation frenzy, leaving behind a dilapidated mental space and the labyrinthine traces of an unsatiated question mark?

 This was the question I was persistently raising throughout The Conscious Eye, Aigokeros 1988, a cross-disciplinary essay dealing with an eye that sees itself seeing, that thinks itself thinking, as it undergoes the crisis of self- consciousness that sealed the arts and sciences of the 20thc; an introspective attitude which revealed the linguistic-cognitive scaffold of perception and triggered modern crisis, mining with autognostic explosives our certainties; a cognitive revolution that shifted our attention from behavioral phenomena to their inner mechanisms.

In the book i had made several references to the then rising science of A.I. as an introspective, philosophical tool, which, by externalizing the mechanistic aspects of our thinking helps us realize other ways of thinking; an obsession that drove me to anchor my insight on the then (1985) ongoing academic research applications in Prof. Seymour Papert’s  A.I. department at the MIT. 

My research was documented in my narrative documentary The Adventures of the Eye, with documentarist Marco Gastine for the Greek national TV 1986. During the shootings, I met A.I.Prof. John Kontos who foreworded my essay The Conscious Eye, Perception-Art-Informatics that followed the documentary.

Two years ago, after the lapse of a quarter of a century, Dr. John Kontos asked me to translate The Conscious Eye in English since he wished to ‘needle’ my old text with fresh information from the recent research developments in the field of Artificial Intelligence and particularly in the subfields that promote the technologies of Machine Consciousness and Computational Creativity during this time.

 A chunk or two years heavy with endless discussions on the nature of Intelligence and Consciousness followed this call. It resulted in the publication of our English bookArtificial Intelligence Prof. John Kontos “Needles” Poly Kasda’s Conscious Eye, southwind/notiosanemos ed.2015.

Meanwhile I started writing a narrative chronicle revealing the psychic experience underlying and sustaining my own self-combustive project Myth/Network  dramatized in the interface of ritual/ actual space, during this elapsing 'hemar', or, chunk of 25 years:  a self-reflexive speculation that resulted in the publication of my allegoric narrative When that Word swallowed me, Sphinx, The Hidden Thebes festival syn. Poesia e Conoscenza review (Milan)"..
Poly Kasda 

Both books Artificial Intelligence Prof. John Kontos “Needles” Poly Kasda’s Conscious Eye and When that Word swallowed me were presented in the Stoa tou Vivliou Athens 2.6.2016

Dr. Harry Meletis, cybernetics researcher
Dr. Manthos Santorinaios, Prof. Athens’School of Fine arts, director of the Master in Artificial Intelligence and Art department.
Dr. Peter Tzelepidis, cognitive sciences professor
Dr. Yannis Almyrandis, Democritos research institute of biosciences and applications director.
Mariana Zikou, art-historian
Short Book description

Perception-Consciousness-Diegesis-Discovery-Creativity 2015

“Kasda's book, The Conscious Eye Perception-Art-Informatics was based on her insight into the introspective state of mind of 20thc artists as they shifted their attention from the object of art to the function of their own mind. Her thesis was partly supported by references to the then rising technology of A. I. as a tool of introspection. 
In the present book, Prof. John Kontos who had written an introductory note to the first edition of The Conscious Eye is rejuvenating this old, but still young text, by lifting it with a set of 'needlings'; injections that connect it with recent studies in the field of A.I. and particularly of Machine Consciousness; a technology inspired by human consciousness”. (Excerpt from the preface).

  1. When that Word swallowed me,
Allegoric biodiegesis, Puer Aeternus, the Axiom of Maria and the Riddle of the Sphinx

 “In this afegema I attempt to cohere into a single narrative my surreal journey in the backstage of my specious time work Project Myth/Network 1990-…

A psychic world of experience courses throughout and sustains the artistic act. It is rarely revealed because of its profane singularity and yet its revelation could open an unpredictable window to who we really are”. (Excerpt from the preface).
What others say: 

"In Poly Kasda's essay The Conscious Eye she describes the consistent path of art, through the changes of the inner visual processes, before its breaking up into a chaotic process of many trends and structures that define our times. I wonder whether we should catch the line from this point on; the path through the concepts, the analysis of language and the contemporary mechanisms of its processing and the esoteric vision which her book projects as the record of an adventure”.
 Dr. Manthos Santorinaios, Athens School of Fine Arts Professor, director of the Master in Artificial Intelligence and Art department.2/6 Stoa tou Vivliou  Athens  
" Kasda manages with a pre-scientific  way’ Paracelsus, Leonardo’s , the witch-doctor’s and Huomo Universalis’ to connect the tangible with the intangible and to  manifest in front of our eyes invisible dynamic lines that lend to our world a little more meaning".
 Dr.Yannis Almyrandis, Democritus institute of bioscience and applications EKEFE, Over-determination in poly kasda’s work, 2/6 stoa tou vivliou Athens  

“Kontos joined forces with Poly Kasda, an artist who studied “the self-combustive frenzy of 20th century art.” Her 1985 booklet, “The Conscious Eye,” foresaw developments in artificial intelligence. Kasda noticed painters in the twentieth century were obsessed with introspection: paying more attention to the workings of their minds than the products of their art. Introspection was also in the background of the rising computer programs in artificial intelligence. So Kontos grasped the ingenuity of Kasda and expanded it into this broad understanding of what artificial intelligence is all about.
Kontos included a translation from the Greek of Kasda’s the “Conscious Eye” into this book, one text seeding and illuminating the other. Indeed, Kontos updates and rejuvenates the insights of Kasda, and, in this innovation, creates an exciting, timely, refreshing, and fascinating history of artificial intelligence - of what it could have become.
I recommend Kontos’ and Kasda’s book. It is a timely, sophisticated, philosophical, and honest account of artificial intelligence, a problematic endeavor of great potential and grave risk”. Evaggelos Vallianatos, Computer engineering and propaganda/the Huffington Post, US. 11/15/2016

“An interesting read and I really liked the book's unusual structure…Kasda's Conscious Eye is an engrossing discussion of the move towards cognitive content in art. Kontos 'needles' key paragraphs of Kasda's text with discussions of contemporary work in artificial intelligence.
Well worth a read if you want to find out more about art, artificial intelligence and the relationship between them”. Dr. David Gamez March 24, 2016

"When that word swallowed me is an intriguing artistic text… I take it as the other side of the mind from which the Conscious Eye emerged; a structured epistemological discourse that surfaced through that same impressive imaginary which reveals itself consistently over the artistic course of a lifetime. It is great it revealed itself once more in the form of this text.
Thoughts that are hard to embed as language, thoughts and images that reside submerged within us, that we ourselves do not know what they mean, what needs they meet and in which unknown territories they game us to.
Perhaps this narrative is a call to see, to rectify the uncharted, terrible and unrecognizable dimensions of our human and non-human(?) imaginary.
The Conscious Eye continues its search and investigation in the most elusive, controversial, intra-real dimensions of its existence
” Mariana Zikou, When that word swallowed me 2016

“Kasda's short autofiction ‘When that word swallowed me’ marks an epitome of her research in the profound and unfathomed realms of human experience and imaginary through artistic practice; a possible invitation also for us, to challenge the emergence of our own minds' uncharted topoi”. Mariana Zikou, Art-historian, Underdetermination on Poly Kasda’s work,  Stoa tou Vivliou, 2/6/2016 Athens.